The city of Smederevo, on the right bank of the Danube, boasts a magnificent fortress built in the 15th century. Erected as a defence against Turkish invasion, this fortress is the last major achievement of Serbian medieval military architecture.
Its builders made full use of the favourable terrain shape to build a fortress capable of withstanding enemy attacks. The first to be built was the Small City, which was surrounded by water on all sides for better defence.
The Small Town has six towers, one of which bears a carved inscription dedicated to the builder of the fortress, Đurađ Branković, who resided at the master’s castle with a ceremonial hall and a keep tower.
The Large Town was the residential area for the settlement’s population and the soldiers stationed at the camp.
In spite of the Serbian Army’s best efforts, Smederevo Fortress fell under Ottoman rule in 1459. The Turkish conquerors subsequently reinforced the fortress by adding another polygonal tower on each of its three corners.
The fortified city with a triangular ground plan, the massive, four metres wide walls and the high towers – all of it is well preserved and gives visitors an accurate insight into life in a medieval settlement. You can walk on the wide walls of the fortress, where both Serbian and Turkish rules once walked, or climb one of the 25 towers and enjoy the splendid view of the Danube.
If you plan to visit Smederevo Fortress, you could do so during one of the many cultural events which are held here throughout the year. The most interesting of them is Theatre at the Fortress, a theatre festival held every summer in the marvellous environment of this medieval fortress.