Archaeological Sites

Modern-day Serbia boasts some of Europe’s oldest archaeological sites.The Lepenski Vir site is believed by many archaeologists to be the cradle of European civilisation, architectural remains and artefacts found here have been dated to between 7000 and 6500 BCE.

Traces of the Starčevo culture, an Early Neolithic society, can be seen on the Starčevo site on the left bank of the Danube, while the remains of the slightly younger Vinča culture are found in the village of Vinča across the river. The prehistoric humans from the period of the Starčevo and Vinča cultures have left behind dugout houses, stone statues, tools and weapons, as well as exquisite ceramic vessels.
Ancient Rome buffs will enjoy visiting the territory in which as many as 16 emperors of the mighty empire were born. Five of them were born in Sirmium, one of the four capitals of the Empire, the remains of which can be seen to this day underneath the modern-day city of Sremska Mitrovica in Nothern Serbia.
Eastern Serbia boasts Felix Romuliana, an archaeological site with remains of ancient Roman architecture from the Tetrarchic period and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tabula Traiana and Diana and Pontes fortresses were erected in anticipation of the Dacian Wars and their remains still rise from the banks of the Iron Gate gorge.
Another site near the Danube is Viminacium, once a military camp and today a major archaeological site with the remains of amphitheatres, monumental buildings, Roman thermae and urban infrastructure. If your travels take you to Southern Serbia be sure to visit Mediana, a site of the remains of a 4th-Century luxury suburb, the remains of Empress’ Town which was built during the reign of Emperor Justinian and Ulpiana, the remains of a 2nd-Century Roman city.

Empress’ Town
Roman Emperor Justinian I, born in the south of present-day Serbia, wished to build a city in his home region that would be named after him. Thus, in the 6th Century CE, Justiniana Prima was...
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Mediana
In the former Naissus, the birthplace of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, a luxury community named Mediana was built in the early 4th Century.In this classy suburb Roman emperors spent their ...
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Starčevo
On the left bank of the Danube, not far from the city of Pančevo, lies the oldest archaeological site of Neolithic culture in Serbia. This culture, whose beginnings have been dated to 5,000 BCE, was...
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Gamzigrad
The mighty ramparts and towers of the imperial palace Felix Romuliana are evidence of the immense power wielded by its founder, Roman emperor Galerius Maximianus.The emperor, born in the area of the...
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Lepenski Vir
Lepenski Vir, an archaeological site with remains of a culture dated to between 6500 and 5500 BCE, is situated on the right bank of the Danube, in the area of the Iron Gate gorge. Dubbed “the...
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Pontes
The remains of Trajan’s Bridge on the Danube and the Roman castrum Pontes, were built on the route which Roman soldiers traversed in ancient times in order to wage a war on the Dacians. The...
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Tabula Traiana
Tabula Traiana, an inscription carved in a rock on the bank of the Danube, is one of the many building feats of Roman Emperor Trajan.It is situated in the Djerdap Gorge, at the least accessible spot...
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Ulpiana
The remains of the Roman city of Ulpiana were discovered at the Gradina archaeological site, a mere kilometre away from Gračanica monastery. It is the most important archaeological site of the Roman...
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Diana
Emperor Trajan is known for his lasting and praiseworthy building feats.In anticipation of the war against the Dacians, Trajan carved a path in the rocks by the side of the Danube and erected a...
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Sirmium
Sremska Mitrovica, a city in Northern Serbia, preserves the ruins of the ancient city of Sirmium underneath its streets and squares.Once a major commercial hub and one of the Roman Empire’s...
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Viminacium
Viminacium, one of the most important Roman towns and military camps in these parts, thrived between the 1st and 5th century, near the present-day town of Požarevac.
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Vinča
Just 14 kilometers southeast of Belgrade lies Vinča, one of the largest prehistoric settlements in Europe.Named after the eponymous village in whose area it was excavated, this archaeological site...
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