Felix Romuliana

Gamzigrad, near the city of Zaječar, is the site of the remains of the ancient imperial palace Felix Romuliana, built in the late 3rd and early 4th Centuries CE.

The palace built by emperor Galerius Maximianus to honour his mother Romula, used to be fortified by strong ramparts with many towers and its remains can still be seen.
Within the walls, there are remains of a large temple with two crypts, a Roman warehouse (horreum), an old Roman bath and other infrastructure facilities needed to run and maintain the palace. In the southern part you can see the imperial palace complex and a small temple with an exceptionally well-preserved monumental altar.
The luxurious palace of Felix Romuliana was richly adorned with expensive sculptures and floor mosaics with figurative shapes and geometric patterns.
To protect them from deterioration, two exquisite mosaics are kept at the National Museum in Zaječar. At that museum you can also see several sculpturestaken from the site, including a portrait of Galerius in porphyry.
Felix Romuliana is the best example of late Roman court architecture, from the Tetrarchic period, in this part of Europe. Due to its importance, the archaeological site of Felix Romuliana has been declared part of UNESCO’s World Heritage list.