The Vršac mountains are situated in Vojvodina, in the southeastern Banat district. They represent a separate, independent geological unit and are the highest mountain range in Vojvodina – the peak of Gudurički Vrh is 641 m above sea-level.
Because of the unique position of the Vršac mountain in the Banat plain, its diversity of plant life, its rich woodland habitats and its beautiful landscape and views, a large part of the forests on this mountain was protected in 1982 as a nature park.
The Vršac mountains are the remains of the old Pannonian mass. The original relief of the metamorphic rocks and magmatic outbreaks has changed over time so that today we can see the characteristic blocks and outcrops which are part of what makes the Vršac mountains so valuable.
The Vršac mountains lie in an area where the influences of the Pannonian, Dacian and Moesian plant environments overlap. This position has given rise to a rich flora which has developed on the boundary between forest steppe and woodland environments. The vegetation of the Vršač mountains is comprised of 17 woodland and numerous meadow communities. The most common trees in these mountains are oak, lime, acacia, as well as beech, maple and black pine. Of special importance are the abundance of lime and acacia which, when in bloom, lend the mountain area a characteristic aroma which makes it a very agreeable time to visit as a tourist or collect medicinal flowers.
Of the 1000 plant species found in this area, of particular note are endemic relict and rare species such as Minuartia hirsute, the lenten rose, wild sunflower and bellflower, which only grow here in Vojvodina.
Owing to the diversity and relative preservation of native habitats, the animal life is very diverse. Of particular significance are the approximately 130 species of bird, of which 90 are nesting. The most important species are the Ural Owl, Short-toed Eagle and the Collared Flycatcher.
Important game species live here too – mammals such as deer, roe deer, wild boar, hare, wolf, fox, wildcat, badger and polecat and feathered species such as pheasant, partridge, quail, turtle dove, Rock Pigeon, Mallard Duck, Eurasian Woodcock, Common Kestrel, Barn Owl, raven and Eurasian Jay. Most of the ‘noble’ game species here are protected. The forestry planning documents designate the main species of game animals, together with the special measures to be taken for their breeding within the fenced-off Dragićev Hat game reserve – these being deer, roe deer and wild boar.
There are also a large number of cultural and historical sites here, among the most significant being the remains of the Vršački Grad, a mediaeval fortification from the 14th century, the Mesić monastery from the 16th and others.
INFORMATIONJP “Varoš” Dvorska 10a, 26300 Vršac tel: +381 (0)13 821-614