The Subotica Sands, a designated “area of exceptional importance”, are in the far north of the Bačka district, alongside the border with Hungary, and are part of the Subotica-Horgoš Sands.
Sand tracts of this type are a rare natural phenomenon in Europe. The importance of this area is primarily in the high degree of biological diversity, a result of the patchwork distribution of different types of habitat arising from the sandy terrain and presence of subterranean waters. Three types of habitat are to be found in the sands: sandy, steppe and swamp habitats. The entire area is forest steppe, with stands of woodland primarily of human origin. The most important habitats are the wetlands comprised of low-lying peat bogs in the Kireš stream valley, which are among the rarest and most threatened habitats in Europe.
Preserved fragments of naturally-occurring vegetation in the Subotica Sands are a valuable legacy of the plant life which once covered the Pannonian Plain. The region is particularly notable and valuable for the presence of the remnants of a variety of indigenous plant communities which represent almost all the basic types of vegetation typical of Vojvodina, which inhabit a relatively limited area and include a large number of plant varieties of special scientific interest.
No mention of the rare species preserved here would be complete without the relict forest steppe plant species safflower (Carthamus tinctoriu) a plant that epitomises the flora of the Subotica Sands as this is the only place in which it is found in Vojvodina or in Serbia. In addition we find Dianthus diutinus, the marsh gentian, pheasant’s eye, pasque flower and the early marsh orchid.
Thanks to its pond and swamp habitats, which are focal points for migration and reproduction, a large number of amphibians has been observed, and the unusual natural features of the Subotica-Horgoš Sands have also given rise to a unique reptile population. Notable animal species are the Balkan wall lizard, the European pond turtle, the European Roller and a species found on the International Red List of Threatened Species, the lesser mole rat . A total of 170 bird species have been registered, evidence of the diversity of the habitat, but also of many years of careful research.
The region has partially preserved some of the original characteristics of its landscape which arose through the interaction of man and nature. In and around the sands, some of the traditional forms of economy and ways of life can still be found, as well as a number of salaši (traditional Vojvodina farmhouses), though these are generally now home only to elderly inhabitants whose activities are mostly limited to basic subsistence. Among the important structures deserving of special treatment, a number of buildings have been listed, known as pustarske škole and built before the First World War in the typical architectural style of the Austro-Hungarian period.
INFORMATIONJP “Palić – Ludaš” Vizitorski centar Ludaš Prespanska 12, 24414 Hajdukovo tel: +381 (0)24 754-000 www.ludas.rs