Mokra Gora is a valley in western Serbia, which nestles between the mountains of Tara and Zlatibor. Connected to it is the Šargan Pass, which to the north comprises a natural link with Zborište, Tara’s highest peak, and to the south connects with Zlatibor. The Šargan – Mokra Gora nature park is 10,813 hectares in size.
The beauty of this region is in its turbulent landscape, with its deeply-carved, steep valleys and the gorges of the rivers Beli Rzav, Crni Rzav and Kamiška Reka, above which tower numerous peaks and passes. Of special interest are the Hajdučka and Crvena caves, and in particular the Skakavac waterfall. There are also a great many mineral water springs, the best-known of which is the Bele Vode spring.
Particularly attractive are the European black and Scots pine growing on the serpentinite rock which is naturally found in this area. These forests, just like the patchwork of mountain meadows and pastures, are inhabited by a rich variety of plant and animal life thanks to the climate and the bedrock they stand on. The area is home to 700 plant varieties, many of which are relicts or endemic species. Mokra Gora is a particularly valuable habitat for bird species. Of the 60 registered species, 29 are rare. Here one can encounter the Western Capercaillie, the Short-toed Eagle, the Willow Tit and mammals such as the brown bear, the otter and the wildcat.
Together with Šargan, Mokra Gora was in the distant past situated on an important road route, which can be seen in the remains of an old Roman cobbled road and graves from the Roman era. Today the areas of Šargan and Mokra Gora are best known for the Šarganska Eight, a narrow-gauge railway, famous for the impressive engineering that enables it to climb rapidly over a short distance. Alongside the track there are a number of exhibits – old locomotives and wagons which are preserved as examples of the engineering of yesteryear – making this a unique open-air museum.
Another great attraction is the Drvengrad (‘Wooden Town’) ethnic village built on the hill of Mećavnik on the initiative of the famous Serbian filmmaker Emir Kusturica. Authentic log cabins from the region were transported to the location and used in the construction of the village, The oldest of these cabins dates back 90 years. Once brought to the site they were placed on high stone bases, with cellars specially built with hillside terrain in mind. In terms of its urban form and structure Drvengrad is somewhere between a village and a town or ethnic village. The town is clearly defined around a rectangular plaza, whose main axis is defined by the entrance gate and the location of a small wooden church at the other end. The outline of the square, which is paved with wooden cobbles and cut wooden blocks, is defined by log cabins, each of which houses an element of the urban: a cake shop, a shop selling local traditional crafts, a picture gallery, a library, a restaurant and a cinema.
The preservation of the traditional interconnectedness of nature and man is important for the protection, maintenance and development of this region.
INFORMATIONPark prirode “Mokra gora” 31243 Mokra Gora tel: +381 (0)31 800-765 www.parkprirodemokragora.org