Rudnik mountain, which dominates central Serbia and the Šumadija region, is located 100 km south of Belgrade. Besides the highest peak called Cvijićev Vrh (1132 m), Srendnji Šturac, Mali Šturac, Molitve, Paljevine and Marijanac, all standing at over 1000 m above sea-level, deserve special mention. Rudnik mountain is easily accessed by road and owing to its superb climatic conditions, Rudnik has been designated a “climatic spa”.
The provincial town of Rudnik was a centre of mercury mining activity long before the arrival of the Slavs in the Balkans in the 6th century. And before the Romans, the area had been settled by the Illyrians and Celts. According to archaeological evidence found on Rudnik, there was once a large Roman settlement with a coin mint. Serbian rulers and feudal lords also fought for Rudnik. The King Dragutin dinar was minted on Rudnik and was the first Serbian dinar coin to feature an inscription in the Cyrillic script. In the 14th century, the Dubrovnik republic and Sasi (Saxons) had their own colonies here and Rudnik became particularly important after the fall of Novo Brdo in 1441. With its rich deposits (silver, lead and copper), Rudnik was not only a source of income for Serbian rulers, but it was also a developed centre of craftsmanship and merchantry from where cultural influence spread across all of Serbia.
Accommodation on Rudnik is mainly provided by the Mountain Lodge, Šumska Kuća apartments and the Neda hotel. Besides having the use of sports grounds and swimming pools, guests can also go hiking – conquering Cvijićev Vrh, the highest peak in Šumadija or Ostrvica a steep volcanic peak which finishes at the walls of Jerinin Grad fortress. Ostrvica or Ostrovica is a small mediaeval parish town, nestled on a stone peak which rises 800 m above sea-level, dominating the landscape. The steep and inaccessible terrain provided a natural defence on all sides.
The advantages of Rudnik include its proximity to the historical sites of Oplenac and Takov, the Vraćevšnice monastery, the village of Voljavče, the Nikolja and the monasteries of the Ovčar-Kablar gorge, the pleasant climate, clean air and the many walking trails. Hunting of small and large game is also an option.