Remnants of the Roman Empire
Požarevac is located 80km from Belgrade. It lies at the intersection of the roads leading to Homolje and Đerdap. The city was first mentioned in Tsar Lazar’s charter by its original name, Puporače. Today, Pozarevac is the center of the Braničevo District and is surrounded by Veliko Gradište on the east, Malo Crniće and Žabari on the south, Smederevo on the west, and the municipalities of Kovin and Bela Crkva just over the Danube on the north. Pozarevac is accessible by train via the Belgrade-Bor-Zaječar railway. By air, you can fly into the small Ljubiša Veličković airport in nearby Kostolac.
The 1889 Prefecture and Court House Building typify the Academism style. The 1819 Saborna Crkva cathedral in the town center is a single-nave neoclassical structure. Nikola Marković painted the iconostasis in 1870. The National Museum, established in 1895, houses an impressive archeological collection, which features exhibits from the nearby ancient city of Viminacium. The gallery of Milena Pavlović-Barili exhibits the artist’s life work, which includes 600 paintings, drawings, and aquarelles. The gallery is housed in Pavlović-Barili’s former home and place of birth.
The Pozarevac Theater is best known as the venue of the 1842 Balkan premiere of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.
Ethno-park Tulba is one of Serbia’s many ethno-parks. Its set-up resembles a 1880s style settlement and consists of a homestead, a well with a winch, a log cabin, and several homes. Miloš Obrenović built several vacation homes here for himself and for his wife. Serbia’s first ergela (horse farm) was founded here in 1853. It was named Ljubičevo in honor of Miloš’s wife Ljubica. The Lubičevo Equestrian Games and festivities are held here every year the first weekend in September. The popular competition consists of five events: dagger jousting, gallop races, and spear, arrow, and spiked club mace throwing.
There are plentiful water sources surrounding Pozarevac that offer ideal conditions for further tourism development. This region is home to the Plugovo Regional Nature Park of Nature and a range of scenic nature spots in Dragovac, Ljubičevo, Krivaja, Rastova Kosa and Rastovač.
The town of Kostolac lies near the confluence of the Mlava and Danube Rivers, just 11 km north of Pozarevac. Kostolac features ruins of the ancient Roman city of Viminacium. This Roman fortification was once the capital of Moesia. Originally built as the encampment for the 7th Roman Legion, Viminacium experienced rapid development as a result of its strategic geographical location. Emperor Hadrian granted the settlement city status during his rule. In 239, it became a colony and was granted the rights to mint its own coins. Viminacium was also the seat of the Emperor’s regent and the harbor of the Danube River Fleet. Archeological digs have uncovered 14,000 graves in the ancient cemetery of this Roman metropolis. Viminacium is also home to several memorial structures, sarcophagi, tombs adorned with frescoes, and unique gold and silver jewelry. Archeologists have recently discovered two aqueducts that once provided water across 9 km to over 30,000 of the ancient city’s residents. Viminacium is the only former Roman Empire city in present day Serbia that did not eventually become a larger settlement, as was the case for Nis and Belgrade.
Additional historical sites close to Viminacium include Margum, a prehistoric settlement and Roman fortification, the Bronze Age Rukumija, and the prehistoric and Bronze Age Malinac. The Bronze Age statue of Velika majka (the Goddess Mother), also known as the Idol of Kličevac, was uncovered in nearby Kličevac. It is known across the world as a one of a kind relic from the Bronze Age.
Iba is internationally recognized as a major point in the flight path of migrating birds. It is located in the vicinity of Kostolac (Žilova ada, Stojkova ada, ada – small river island). The Ramsar region is a wetland.
The small town of Malo Crnice (Malo Crniće) lies 12km from Požarevac. It is known for its gorgeous forested areas, crisscrossed by a network of waterways. Malo Crnice is also known for its Amateurs-of-Drama Festival, which takes pace in May and the first half of June.
Nestled in the Mlava River valley, Petrovac on the Mlava lies just 36 km from Pozarevac. If you are in the area, a visit to two of Serbia’s most significant medieval monuments here is a must!
Just 13 km from Petrovac you will find a beautiful monastery, which includes the church of the Ascension of the Mother of God, two konaks (residences), the remains of a cave chapel, and the walls of an old fortification. The popular belief is that King Milutin built this monastery in 1257.
The medieval town of Ždrelo is located 14 km from Petrovac-on-Mlava. It features tombstones adorned with incredible 14th and 15th century epigraphs.
When in Pozarevac, Kostolac, Malo Crnice and Petrovac, we recommend:
- A visit to the Milena Pavlović-Barili Museum
- Purchasing a piece of Roman era replica jewelry in Viminacium
- A visit to the Ljubičevo Ergela (Horse Farm)
The city of Stig has its own miniature Holy Mountain (Sveta Gora – Mt. Athos in Greece). The legend and folksong, God Settles all His Debts, is woven into the history of this small settlement. They both tell the story of a woman who wanted to cause discord between a brother and sister. The sister was killed and the woman incriminated her sister in law in this terrible crime. She then forced her husband to take merciless revenge on his own sister, killing her.
Several pilgrimage sites were established on the site where the ill-fated girls’ body parts were scattered. There are several monasteries in the area that bear their names. They include Zaova (zaova – sister-in-law), Sestroljin in Pozarevac (sestra – sister), Rukumija in Kučevo (ruka – hand because the sister’s hands were allegedly dismembered by horses), and Bradača (brada – chin). The Kusan Spring (kušanje - trial) and Panarija Spring in Petrovac-on-Mlava were also named based on this legend. Panarija Spring, possibly named after the Panarion, an early-Christian treatise on heresies that offers remedies for the poison of heresy, has achieved cult status.
Bradača (in the nearby village of Kula) and Zaova are traditionally connected to the song and the Vlastela (estate-owners) Radić, Pavle, and Radul. Pilgrims come to Bradače to cure infertiliy. In Smoljince, you will find the Saint Petka monastery, which stands amidst glorious poplar trees and a beautiful lake.
INFORMATIONSTourist Organization of Požarevac 8 Stari korzo Street, 12000 Požarevac Tel: +381 12 221 941 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.topozarevac.rs
Tourist Organization of Petrovac Municipality 165 Srpskih vladara Street, 12300 Petrovac Tel: +381 12 331 280 e-mail: email@example.com www.petrovacturizam.com
Tourist Organization of Malo Crniće Municipality 80 Zorana Đinđića Street, 12311 Malo Crniće Tel: +381 12 280 016 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.toomc.org