The Beauties of Đerdap Canyon
The small town of Majdanpek in northern Kučaja is best known for its mines. The mining tradition has lasted here for 7,000 years. Majdanpek lies 192 kilometers from Belgrade. If you visit Majdanpek you will be surprised to see a number high-rise buildings. As a result of its geographic positioning on a narrow and short basin surrounded by hills on all sides, the town has developed vertically rather than horizontally.
The Danube forms an elbow as it snakes its way through this municipality. The city of Donji Milanovac lies at its vertex. The Danube here is 1,800 m wide and quite calm, making it an ideal spot for a boat ride or water sports. Donji Milanovac was built following the construction of the Đerdap hydroelectric power plant. The town was built on an unnatural plateau and features old buildings, which were relocated from the town of Stari Milanovac. The Đerdap national park and the canyon are located nearby.
The Đerdap canyon in the municipality of Majdanpek is considered to be the most beautiful in the Danube river valley. Its steep walls descend 300 m down to the waters of the Danube. The width of the riverbed here measures 150-170 m. The nearby Veliki kazan (big pot) canyon features a plethora of whirlpools, some 71 m deep and below sea level. Visit the overlook at Ploče and feast your eyes on this remarkable canyon.
The Lepenski vir archeological site is located upstream from Donji Milanovac. The site, which dates back to 6500-4500 BC, is of great cultural importance to the Serbian people. The site was carefully relocated and covered during the building of the Đerdap hydroelectric plant. Lepenski vir is one of the most significant archeological sites in Europe. There are extraordinary remnants of culture and art here. The discovery of settlements that date back to prehistoric times is incredible. Archeologists believe that people have lived in this area continuously for over 2000 years.
There are approximately 110 caves in the vicinity of Majdanpek. The Rakova cave, which is just 2.5km from the city, is considered to be the most extraordinary. It is open to visitors every day.
Explore beyond Majdanpek and you will discover the impressive Miloš tower. It is located near the Porečka River valley, just off the road from Donji Milanovac toward Rudna Glava. The remains of 14th century town walls are located seven kilometers from Rudne Glave.
The Rudna Glava archeological site is located in the village with the same name. The site features one of the oldest prehistoric metal mines. Historians believe it dates back to the period between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age.
If you are visiting the area, a stop at the scenic Miroč village and mountain is a must! The nearby Gradašica cave features a number of round karst valleys, hollows, depressions and abysses. The remains of the ancient Roman fortress Gerutalis are also worth visiting.
The Đerdap national park offers stunning view of valleys and canyons. Though access to some locations in the park can be a little challenging, we recommend you take one of two roads, which cut through the park. The first is from Donji Milanovac heading to Oman and then to Majdanpek. The second is from Donji Milanovc heading to the village of Miroč.
If you are interested in hiking, the park offers a well-developed network of trails that feature the best views of the breathtaking scenery.
If you happen to visit Kladovo (243 km from Belgrade), take a moment to gaze across the banks of the Danube. You will think you are at the seashore! The mighty Đerdap canyon ends at the outer edges of the Majdanpek municipality. If you explore this area, you will discover the 16km Orsavska valley and 6.5km Sipska canyon at the Mali Kazan exit.
The quaint town of Kladovo features a number of well-preserved structures and settlements along the banks of the Danube. A number of buildings here, including the Archeological Museum of Đerdap, are under state protection. The Kladovo promenade features a beautiful 900 m long beach overlooking the Danube.
If you are looking to see a unique historical monument in the area, head to the ancient Roman city of Dierne (known as Oršave today) on the left bank of the Danube. You will discover the figure of the Dacian King Decebalus carved into a rock at the confluence of the Marakonija and Danube rivers.
Tekija is the first settlement in the Kladovo municipality. Located in the western corner of the municipality near Kazan, Tekija is a typical fishing town. The town is home to the Zlatna bućka (Golden bućka), a competition for the best catfish in Europe.
Today, access to the famous Trajan plaque, which lies near the Đerdap highway, is only possible by boat. This important cultural monument dates back to 1000 BC. Trajan Bridge is located four kilometers from Kladovo in the village of Kostol.
The architect Apolodor built the bridge in the period between 103 and 105 BC. Originally called Pontes, it is a significant monument from the Roman period in this part of the world. Diana, the Roman and early-Byzantine fortress that dates back to the period between 102 and 103 BC, is located on the banks of the Danube. It is one of the largest Roman-Byzantine fortresses in the world.
Kladovo has a small ethno-zone, which comprises four villages. If you visit this unique spot, you will notice traces of traditional village architecture, customs and mannerisms. Make certain to sample some of the delectable traditional dishes here.
If you are in Majdanpek and Kladovo, we recommend:
– Seeing Trajan’s plaque from the Danube
– Purchasing fish-like figures at Lepenski vir
– Lunch in the old village of Manastirica
The prehistoric site at Lepenski Vir is home to some of the most unusual sculpted fish-like figures in the world. The settlement is laid out in a horseshoe shape and is a testament to the builders’ knowledge of mathematics.
INFORMATIONSTourist Organization of the Majdanpek Municipality 14 Kralja Petra I Street, 19220 Donji Milanovac Tel: +381 30 590 184, 596 184, 596 185 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.toom.rs
Tourist Organization of the Kladovo Municipality 16a Dunavska Street, 19320 Kladovo Tel: +381 19 801 690, 807 656 e-mail: email@example.com www.kladovo.rs