An Oasis of Tranquility and Purity
Bor is located in eastern Serbia 230km from Belgrade. According to historical documents, the town dates back to the 18th century. Several majestic mountains surround Bor, including Stol (1165 m) Veliki kršk (1148 m) and Crni vrh (1043m).
Though there are several archeological sites that suggest the existence of settlements during the Bronze Age, the first real town was established here during the Roman period. Following liberation from the Turks, Prince Miloš Obrenović hired Baron Herdera to explore the natural resources of Serbia. Baron discovered the healing mineral waters in Brestovica, not far from Bor. In Bor, he found something even more significant: mineral resources.
Prince Miloš built a konak (residence) near the mineral spring. The opening of the mine would follow later. Đorđe Vajfert, one of Serbia’s wealthiest individuals at the beginning of the 20th century was on a quest to extract mineral resources. He successfully excavated the mine in 1903 and became the owner of the biggest copper mine in Europe.
Bor’s Museum of Mining and Metallurgy displays more than 15,000 articles on exhibit, more than any of its kind in Serbia.
Explore beyond the Bor municipality and you will discover the Lazareva cave, which opened to visitors in 1953. The cave, which was formed from the soft soil of the Lazar River features a spring near its entrance. Historians believe there were settlements near this cave in the Bronze Age. A collection of woodworking chisels, awls, knives, axes and decorative objects that date back 5,000 years was discovered here, suggesting the existence of a prehistoric metal workshop. It is also worth seeing the Vernjikica cave, which lies just one km from Lazareva.
In 1953, a dam was erected at the foothills of Crni Vrh just 16 km from Bor. This created an artificial lake sourced from three mountain rivers. Though the lake was originally intended to be used by the nearby mine, the water was so pure that it became an ideal spot for swimming. If you are an outdoors enthusiast, head to Crni vrh, where you will find a campground and other facilities near the lake.
At the edge of Bor, you will find one of the biggest and deepest open mine pits in Europe. The mine, which is no longer in operation, draws a number of visitors every year.
At 250km from Belgrade, Negotin is the center of the Negotin Krajina, the area that forms Serbia’s border with Romania and Bulgaria. Negotin is 70km from Romania and 13 km from Bulgaria.
The old town of Negotin comprises the čaršija (Turkish for market place), several buildings, monuments, fountains and a nearby park. This area is protected by the state for its cultural heritage. It includes the birth house of Stevan Mokranjac and the residence of Prince Todorče, the oldest preserved Negotin town house, which today is home to the Museum of Hajduk Veljko. The area under protection also includes the 19th century College of Education building and the 19th century Holy Trinity Cathedral. The 14th century Negotin fortress, called Baba Finka, is also a highlight of the old town.
The Negotin krajina includes approximately 1000 ha of vineyards. The autochthonous grape varieties grown here include bagrinja, začinak, prokupac, vranac and smederevka. Negotin krajina however is best known for its tamjanika grape variety. Head to the cellars of the Agriculture school for a sample of its famous wine!
Negotin’s pimnice (wine shops) are representative of the region’s 18th and 19th century ethnological wine cellars found in several Timok villages. Along with the old cemeteries in Rajac and Rogljevo, they are protected by the state as symbols of Serbia’s heritage.
The right mix of traditional methods of planting a vineyard, pruning, processing and producing wine, together with a favorable altitude and pristine environmental conditions usually yields the highest quality wine. The piminice in this region were built of pure stone and dug one meter deep, in order to accommodate several 5,000 liter barrels. Built in the second half of the 18th century, the Rajac pimnice are located near the village of Rajac.
The piminice are unique in that they represent Serbia’s small stone towns of wine, or the Serbian Saint Steven. The piminice are so popular that several domestic films were shot here. If you are intrigued and want to see more, head to nearby Rogojevo, Smedovac and Štubik, and Tamnič, which features several large pimnice.
Explore this area further and you will discover the ancient sites of Vrelo Šarkamen and Ad Akvas, from the Roman Period. The nearby Vratna monastery is located close to the Jabuka River. This beautiful monastery features several stone gates that over the years have been contorted by natural elements. The gates are known as Veliki Prerast, Mali Prerast and Suvi Prerast.
A cornucopia of rivers and forests surround the beautiful Vratna complex, one of the most appealing spots in this region. The Stevanske meadows are some of the most scenic air spas in Serbia and are also popular with local hunters. Badnjevo Hill in the vicinity of Negotin is a favorite excursion site for locals in the area.
When in Bor and Negotin, we recommend:
– Sampling a glass of Bukovac tamjanika wine
– Seeing the amazing stone gates at Vratna monastery
– Visiting the Lazareva cave
Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac is a famous composer who hails from Negotin. He is considered to be Serbia’s greatest composer of all time. Mokranjac dedicated his fourth Rukovet (work of art) to his hometown. His 15 rukoveti are considered the highest achievements of Serbian music. Today, Mokranjac’s birth house has been converted to a Museum. Every year, the city organizes the Mokranjčevi dani (Mokranjac days) music festival in his honor.
INFORMATIONSTourist Organization of the Negotin Municipality 25 Vojvode Mišića Street, 19300 Negotin Tel: +381 19 547 555 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tourist Organization of the Bor Municipality 19 Moše Pijade Street, 19210 Bor Tel: +381 30 459 020 e-mail: email@example.com