Folk, or vernacular architecture, as opposed to “polite architecture”, is based on craftsmanship that has been learned through practice. It is an architecture born of a particular environment and traditional skills and is dependent on materials from the immediate natural environment, just as the construction design and form is dependent on terrain and climate.
The most widespread examples of folk architecture date to the period around the turn of the 20th century. This was a time when industry was developing and when there was widespread migration to the towns for work, an increase in the transfer of influences to rural construction and greater use of industrial materials, and when the culture of living was undergoing change.
The best folk architects were the pečalbari, migrant workers coming from undeveloped regions with their specialised teams of workmen, such as the Crnotravci from the Vlasina region, after whom, in time, all workmen from the south and southeast of Serbia were named.
INFORMATIONSerbian Atlas of Folk Architecture www.atlas.heritage.gov.rs