The remains of Trajan’s Bridge over the Danube and the Roman castrum of Pontes are situated near the village of Kostol, 5km downriver from Kladovo. The bridge, built between 103 AD and 105 AD, was the work of Syrian architect Apolodor of Damascus. On the right bank of the river, the Serbian side, there are remains of four columns, once connected by arches, while the span over the river itself was a latticed wooden construction resting on stone columns.

At the same time as the bridge, for the purposes of its defence, the military fortifications of Pontes on the right bank and Drobeta on the left bank of the Danube were built. Pontes, roughly square in shape, continued to serve to defend this part of the Limes right up to the 6th century. Besides the essential parts of the castrum – the walls, tower and gate – archaeological excavations have determined the plan and layout of structures within the walls and established that at the beginning of the 4th century, parallel with changes in the Roman army, a new model was applied to the interior of the Pontes.


National Museum, Belgrade
Đerdap Archaeological Museum
Trg kralja Petra bb, 19320 Kladovo
tel: +381 (0)19 803-900