Diana

The Roman castrum of Diana was raised on a high cliff above the Danube called the Karataš, near the village of Sipa, close to the town of Kladovo. Construction of the earliest earthen and wooden fortification is connected with the arrival of the first military formations to the Danube at the beginning of the 1st century. A large stone fortification (140×136 m) is connected with Emperor Trajan and his building activities, completed at the time the Sipa Canal was dug (101 AD) which eliminated the greatest obstacle to navigation of the Danube.

In the mid-5th century it was destroyed by the Huns, and restored in around 530 by Emperor Justinian. The fortification was also razed to the ground at the time of the Avar and Slavic incursions at the end of the 6th and beginning of the 7th century. Some exceptional archaeological finds (a variety of items for everyday use, marble and bronze sculptures) point to the fact that besides its role in protecting and defending the canal, Diana was for six centuries also a major economic centre, with its own port and dock.

Within the fortification, a structure with an apse has been found, as well as army barracks, a latrine and other structures, with the remains of the principia (military headquarters) with a portico in the central area. Outside the walls, the existence of a religious sanctuary has been established, the remains of a martyrium and parts of a necropolis, as well as parts of a settlement which extended west of the military encampment.

INFORMATION

National Museum, Belgrade
Đerdap Archaeological Museum
Trg kralja Petra bb, 19320 Kladovo
tel: +381 (0)19 803-900
www.narodnimuzej.rs
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